For landscaping use, there is a variety of the honey locust tree without thorns. But ranchers don’t like mesquite, for it competes with the grass for scarce moisture. mesquite tree branches, stable and durable, filled needs for wood during the construction of Spanish missions, and colonial haciendas, ranch houses and fencing. The velvet mesquite has gray-green, bi-pinnate leaves that are deciduous in cold weather. The dogs use the shade from the Mesquites to stay cool. By providing abundant shade, a lush green leaf canopy and graceful fissured brown trunks, Thornless Mesquites are another … The honey locust is not a favorite among landscapers because of the tree’s 12-inch long thorns that adorn the vase-shaped branch. It is armed with thorns sometimes up to 2 inches long. Perfectly adapted for its dry environment, the mesquite is a hardy tree. TexasBeyondHistory has an excellent review of the many uses of this valuable tree as food, medicine, fuel, and tools. Honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) is a small tree reaching 10 to 20 feet high with a trunk 12 inches in diameter. Its wood serves artisans in the crafting of furniture, flooring, paneling and sculptures. It becomes leafless after the first hard freeze of winter and is typically dormant for 6 – 8 weeks. Multiple stems have stout thorns that can grow up to 3 inches long. Traditionally thought of as a nuisance tree by ranchers, a new hybrid mesquite that grows straighter and taller and without thorns may help the tree … The mesquite tree was a staple in the lives of the indigenous people who lived here before we came. This tree is a hybrid cross-pollinated by Civano or Monrovia Nursery it is a native Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) and the thornless Chilean Mesquite. Arizona mesquite, or velvet mesquite, is native to the Arizona desert. For trees that would blend in well with the natural desert, you can't beat palo verdes and mesquites for shade. This vigorous tree has a wide spreading crown, deep green leaves, and is deciduous. (Mesquite allows multple tree windows, and so if you select this menu item a second time, you'll get a new tree window.) These thorns are longer (around 3 to 10 cm); and are seen in dense clusters. I got jabbed right at the top of my middle finger knuckle by a mesquite thorn on Saturday when I was out at the lease and this thing has just gone off. The Arizona Mesquite Tree Natives and their Cousins There are around 40 different mesquite varieties that are found all over the globe, but there are only 3 species that are native to Arizona. Mesquite is the most common shrub/small tree of the desert southwest. Prosopis velutina, Arizona or Velvet Mesquite. It is a small to medium tree with an irregular crown of finely divided bipinnately compound foliage that casts very light dappled shade underneath. Thorny vs. Thornless. Mesquite trees can grow to be 20-30 feet tall. Named after the patriarch of the Civano Nursery family, this improved tree is a cross between the hardy Native Mesquite and the thornless Chilean Mesquite. The tree’s height ranges from 50 to 100 feet tall and has a width of 25 to 50 feet. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a reddish brown, which darkens with age. Many of the Tree Window's fundamental functions are controlled by its Tree menu. Typically, a single-trunked tree that was cut down will soon become multi-trunked. Civano Nursery is proud to introduce our tried-and-true new Mesquite hybrid; ‘Leslie Roy’! Brush Busters recommends two ways to control mesquite, depending upon the tree’s shape and size. Like all mesquite trees, the Arizona mesquite grows only in arid and semi-arid regions, or in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Clear portions of the trunk tend to have straight or wavy grain: though knots, defects, and other irregularities are common. 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