Although in favor of freedom of the press, Mandela was important of much of the country's media because it was owned and run by many middle-class whites. Mandela was sick for several years during his retirement. Nelson Mandela Biography. However, he was able to earn a Bachelor of Law degree through a University of London correspondence program while incarcerated. Nelson Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa. His parents were Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and Nosekeni Nonqaphi . Free various types of educational resources for kids biography kids, biography for kids, biographies kids, ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918. He spent 27 years in prison. There was an international campaign for his release. Nelson Mandela was born in South Africa in 1918. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, South Africa's first black president. As South Africa's first black President, Mandela became head of the Government of National Unity which was under controlled by the African National Congress (or ANC). About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Nelson Mandela. You can change your answer if you want. After he was expelled, Nelson found a job as a night watchman. He wanted to free South Africa without violence, but the government started killing and hurting protesters. Mandela was married three times and has six children. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African politician and activist. Nelson Mandela’s birth name was Rolihlahla Mandela. Although Mbeki had not been his first choice for President, Mandela soon trusted Mbeki throughout his presidency. Want to be notified when our magazine is published? His work paid off when all races were allowed to vote in the 1994 election for the first time. Nelsons vader was een rijke hoofdman, genaamd Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa. He was sentenced to life in prison, and was sent to Robben Island, but was transferred to Victor Verster Prison in 1988. In his biography, he wrote: “At Cedara, a small town just past Howick, I noticed a Ford V-8 filled with white men shoot past us on the right ... 17 Inspiring Facts About Nelson Mandela. Until about 1992, South Africa had a political system called apartheid. Mandela had never planned on serving a second term in office. For other uses, see, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement, Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement, Death and state funeral of Nelson Mandela, In 1992, he was awarded the Atatürk Peace Award by, In 1993, Mandela received the key of the city of, In 2007, Mandela was honored with a statue in, In 2013, a statue of Mandela was unveiled in the, Sandton Square in Johannesburg was renamed. Mandela then lived with the local regent who sent him to school. A trial was later held and became known as the Rivonia Trial. He won the election and became the first black President of South Africa. Despite his surroundings, Mandela lived simply, donating a third of his $552,000 wealth to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, which he had founded in 1995. He was surrounded by his family when he died. The South African government said that Mandela is still alive despite the rumor that he died. Education is the most powerful weapon that you can use to change the world. After being freed from prison, Mandela became South Africa’s first black president. Mandela's former home in the Johannesburg township of Soweto, Apartheid legislation impacted all areas of life, Thatched room at Liliesleaf Farm, where Mandela hid, Lime quarry on Robben Island where Mandela and other prisoners were forced to carry out hard labour, Bust of Mandela erected on London's South Bank by the Greater London Council administration of Ken Livingstone in 1985, "Free Mandela" protest in East Berlin, 1986, Luthuli House in Johannesburg, which became the ANC headquarters in 1991, De Klerk and Mandela shake hands at the World Economic Forum, 1992, Mandela casting his vote in the 1994 election, Houses in Soweto constructed under the RDP program, In the latter part of his presidency, Mandela increasingly relied on his Deputy President, Thabo Mbeki (pictured), Mandela visiting the London School of Economics in 2000, Nelson Mandela and President George W. Bush in the Oval Office, May 2005, Members of the public paying their respects outside Mandela's Houghton home, Mandela on a visit to Australia in 2009; he is wearing one of the brightly-coloured garments that became known as "Madiba shirts", "Mandela" redirects here. Mandela won the general election in April 1994. Nelson Mandela werd geboren in Mvezo, een klein dorpje vlak bij Qunu, dat in het gebied Transkei ligt. As a black political prisoner, he received the lowest level of treatment. In 1994, when apartheid was over, Mandela was elected president. Mandela married Evelyn Ntoko Mase in October 1944. Apartheid was a system of laws and government policy that severely discriminated against black people. On 1 July it was announced that if Mandela were to die he might become the first non-British person to be honored at Westminster Abbey. Many people around the world saw his inauguration on television. His name was Rolihlahla which meant trouble maker. 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